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Protection of Conscience Project

Service, not Servitude
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Constitution of Germany, Article 4(1)

". . . 'freedom of faith and conscience. . . shall be inviolable' Accordingly, this means that no one can be obliged by State powers to act against his or her conscience. Freedom of conscience is a norm of fundamental value and of high constitutional status, which is to be respected in the framework of every activity of State authorities. This is a continuous jurisprudence of the Federal Constitutional Court and of the Federal Administrative Court."*

*Precis in English from EU Network of Independent Experts on Fundamental Rights, Opinion No. 4-2005: The Right to Conscientious Objection and the Conclusion by EU Member States of Concordats with the Holy See (14 December, 2005), p. 11