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Protection of Conscience Project

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House Bill 4346 (2006)

Check the status of this bill at the Illinois General Assembly

State of Illinois
2005 and 2006

Introduced 1 March, 2006, by Rep. Kurt M. Granberg

Synopsis as introduced

225 ILCS 85/3 from Ch. 111, par. 4123
225 ILCS 85/15.7 new
745 ILCS 70/3 from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5303

Amends the Pharmacy Practice Act of 1987. Provides that a pharmacist licensed under the Act may, based on his or her personal, religious beliefs, refuse to fill a prescription for and to dispense emergency contraception. Amends the Health Care Right of Conscience Act. Adds the dispensation of prescribed medication to the list of activities included in the definition of "health care", adds pharmacist to the list of occupations included in the definition of "health care personnel", and adds pharmacy to the list of facilities included in the definition of "health care facility".

AN ACT concerning regulation.

Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois, represented in the General Assembly:

Section 5. The Pharmacy Practice Act of 1987 is amended by changing Section 3 and by adding Section 15.7 as follows:

(225 ILCS 85/3) (from Ch. 111, par. 4123) (Section scheduled to be repealed on January 1, 2008)

Sec. 3. Definitions.

For the purpose of this Act, except where otherwise limited therein:

(a) "Pharmacy" or "drugstore" means and includes every store, shop, pharmacy department, or other place where pharmaceutical care is provided by a pharmacist

(1) where drugs, medicines, or poisons are dispensed, sold or offered for sale at retail, or displayed for sale at retail; or

2) where prescriptions of physicians, dentists, veterinarians, podiatrists, or therapeutically certified optometrists, within the limits of their licenses, are compounded, filled, or dispensed; or (3) which has upon it or displayed within it, or affixed to or used in connection with it, a sign bearing the word or words "Pharmacist", "Druggist", "Pharmacy", "Pharmaceutical Care", "Apothecary", "Drugstore", "Medicine Store", "Prescriptions", "Drugs", "Medicines", or any word or words of similar or like import, either in the English language or any other language; or

(4) where the characteristic prescription sign (Rx) or similar design is exhibited; or

(5) any store, or shop, or other place with respect to which any of the above words, objects, signs or designs are used in any advertisement.

(b) "Drugs" means and includes

(l) articles recognized in the official United States Pharmacopoeia/National Formulary (USP/NF), or any supplement thereto and being intended for and having for their main use the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment or prevention of disease in man or other animals, as approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration, but does not include devices or their components, parts, or accessories; and

(2) all other articles intended for and having for their main use the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment or prevention of disease in man or other animals, as approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration, but does not include devices or their components, parts, or accessories; and

(3) articles (other than food) having for their main use and intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of man or other animals; and

(4) articles having for their main use and intended for use as a component or any articles specified in clause (l), (2) or (3); but does not include devices or their components, parts or accessories.

(c) "Medicines" means and includes all drugs intended for human or veterinary use approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration.

(d) "Practice of pharmacy" means the provision of pharmaceutical care to patients as determined by the pharmacist's professional judgment in the following areas, which may include but are not limited to

(1) patient counseling,

(2) interpretation and assisting in the monitoring of appropriate drug use and prospective drug utilization review,

(3) providing information on the therapeutic values, reactions, drug interactions, side effects, uses, selection of medications and medical devices, and outcome of drug therapy, (4) participation in drug selection, drug monitoring, drug utilization review, evaluation, administration, interpretation, application of pharmacokinetic and laboratory data to design safe and effective drug regimens,

(5) drug research (clinical and scientific), and (6) compounding and dispensing of drugs and medical devices.

(e) "Prescription" means and includes any written, oral, facsimile, or electronically transmitted order for drugs or medical devices, issued by a physician licensed to practice medicine in all its branches, dentist, veterinarian, or podiatrist, or therapeutically certified optometrist, within the limits of their licenses, by a physician assistant in accordance with subsection (f) of Section 4, or by an advanced practice nurse in accordance with subsection (g) of Section 4,containing the following:

(l) name of the patient;

(2) date when prescription was issued;

(3) name and strength of drug or description of the medical device prescribed; and

(4) quantity,

(5) directions for use,

(6) prescriber's name, address and signature, and (7) DEA number where required, for controlled substances. DEA numbers shall not be required on inpatient drug orders.

(f) "Person" means and includes a natural person, copartnership, association, corporation, government entity, or any other legal entity.

(g) "Department" means the Department of Professional Regulation.

(h) "Board of Pharmacy" or "Board" means the State Board of Pharmacy of the Department of Professional Regulation.

(i) "Director" means the Director of Professional Regulation.

(j) "Drug product selection" means the interchange for a prescribed pharmaceutical product in accordance with Section 25 of this Act and Section 3.14 of the Illinois Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.

(k) "Inpatient drug order" means an order issued by an authorized prescriber for a resident or patient of a facility licensed under the Nursing Home Care Act or the Hospital Licensing Act, or "An Act in relation to the founding and operation of the University of Illinois Hospital and the conduct of University of Illinois health care programs", approved July 3, 1931, as amended, or a facility which is operated by the Department of Human Services (as successor to the Department of Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities) or the Department of Corrections.

(k-5) "Pharmacist" means an individual health care professional and provider currently licensed by this State to engage in the practice of pharmacy.

(l) "Pharmacist in charge" means the licensed pharmacist whose name appears on a pharmacy license and who is responsible for all aspects of the operation related to the practice of pharmacy.

(m) "Dispense" means the delivery of drugs and medical devices, in accordance with applicable State and federal laws and regulations, to the patient or the patient's representative authorized to receive these products, including the preparation, compounding, packaging, and labeling necessary for delivery, computer entry, and verification of medication orders and prescriptions, and any recommending or advising concerning the contents and therapeutic values and uses thereof. "Dispense" does not mean the physical delivery to a patient or a patient's representative in a home or institution by a designee of a pharmacist or by common carrier. "Dispense" also does not mean the physical delivery of a drug or medical device to a patient or patient's representative by a pharmacist's designee within a pharmacy or drugstore while the pharmacist is on duty and the pharmacy is open.

(n) "Mail-order pharmacy" means a pharmacy that is located in a state of the United States, other than Illinois, that delivers, dispenses or distributes, through the United States Postal Service or other common carrier, to Illinois residents, any substance which requires a prescription.

(o) "Compounding" means the preparation, mixing, assembling, packaging, or labeling of a drug or medical device:

(1) as the result of a practitioner's prescription drug order or initiative that is dispensed pursuant to a prescription in the course of professional practice; or

(2) for the purpose of, or incident to, research, teaching, or chemical analysis; or

(3) in anticipation of prescription drug orders based on routine, regularly observed prescribing patterns.

(p) "Confidential information" means information, maintained by the pharmacist in the patient's records, released only

(i) to the patient or, as the patient directs, to other practitioners and other pharmacists or

(ii) to any other person authorized by law to receive the information.

(q) "Prospective drug review" or "drug utilization evaluation" means a screening for potential drug therapy problems due to therapeutic duplication, drug-disease contraindications, drug-drug interactions (including serious interactions with nonprescription or over-the-counter drugs), drug-food interactions, incorrect drug dosage or duration of drug treatment, drug-allergy interactions, and clinical abuse or misuse.

(r) "Patient counseling" means the communication between a pharmacist or a student pharmacist under the direct supervision of a pharmacist and a patient or the patient's representative about the patient's medication or device for the purpose of optimizing proper use of prescription medications or devices. The offer to counsel by the pharmacist or the pharmacist's designee, and subsequent patient counseling by the pharmacist or student pharmacist, shall be made in a face-to-face communication with the patient or patient's representative unless, in the professional judgment of the pharmacist, a face-to-face communication is deemed inappropriate or unnecessary. In that instance, the offer to counsel or patient counseling may be made in a written communication, by telephone, or in a manner determined by the pharmacist to be appropriate.

(s) "Patient profiles" or "patient drug therapy record" means the obtaining, recording, and maintenance of patient prescription information, including prescriptions for controlled substances, and personal information.

(t) "Pharmaceutical care" includes, but is not limited to, the act of monitoring drug use and other patient care services intended to achieve outcomes that improve the patient's quality of life but shall not include the sale of over-the-counter drugs by a seller of goods and services who does not dispense rescription drugs.

(u) "Medical device" means an instrument, apparatus, implement, machine, contrivance, implant, in vitro reagent, or other similar or related article, including any component part or accessory, required under federal law to bear the label "Caution: Federal law requires dispensing by or on the order of a physician". A seller of goods and services who, only for the purpose of retail sales, compounds, sells, rents, or leases medical devices shall not, by reasons thereof, be required to be a licensed pharmacy.

(v) "Unique identifier" means an electronic signature, handwritten signature or initials, thumb print, or other acceptable individual biometric or electronic identification process as approved by the Department.

(w) "Current usual and customary retail price" means the actual price that a pharmacy charges a retail purchaser.

(x) "Emergency contraception" means one or more prescription drugs, used separately or in combination in a non-patient specific regimen, that are prescribed and ordered by a physician licensed in this State to practice medicine in all its branches, an advanced practice nurse, or a physician assistant for a registered professional nurse that are to be administered to or self-administered by the patient in a dosage and manner for preventing pregnancy when used after intercourse, and that are found safe and effective for that use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and dispensed for that purpose. (Source: P.A. 93-571, eff. 8-20-03; 93-1075, eff. 1-18-05; 94-459, eff. 1-1-06.)
(225 ILCS 85/15.7 new) (Section scheduled to be repealed on January 1, 2008)

Sec. 15.7. Pharmacist refusal to dispense emergency contraception.

A pharmacist licensed under this Act may, based upon his or her personal, religious beliefs, refuse to fill a prescription for and to dispense emergency contraception.

Section 10. The Health Care Right of Conscience Act is amended by changing Section 3 as follows:

(745 ILCS 70/3) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 5303)

Sec. 3. Definitions.

As used in this Act, unless the context clearly otherwise requires:

(a) "Health care" means any phase of patient care, including but not limited to, testing; diagnosis; prognosis; ancillary research; instructions; family planning, counselling, referrals, or any other advice in connection with the use or procurement of contraceptives and sterilization or abortion procedures; medication; dispensation of prescribed medication; or surgery or other care or treatment rendered by a physician or physicians, nurses, paraprofessionals or health care facility, intended for the physical, emotional, and mental well-being of persons;

(b) "Physician" means any person who is licensed by the State of Illinois under the Medical Practice Act of 1987;

(c) "Health care personnel" means any nurse, nurses' aide, medical school student, professional, paraprofessional, pharmacist, or any other person who furnishes, or assists in the furnishing of, health care services;

(d) "Health care facility" means any public or private hospital, clinic, center, medical school, medical training institution, laboratory or diagnostic facility, physician's office, infirmary, dispensary, ambulatory surgical treatment center, pharmacy, or other institution or location wherein health care services are provided to any person, including physician organizations and associations, networks, joint ventures, and all other combinations of those organizations;

(e) "Conscience" means a sincerely held set of moral convictions arising from belief in and relation to God, or which, though not so derived, arises from a place in the life of its possessor parallel to that filled by God among adherents to religious faiths; and

(f) "Health care payer" means a health maintenance organization, insurance company, management services organization, or any other entity that pays for or arranges for the payment of any health care or medical care service, procedure, or product.

The above definitions include not only the traditional combinations and forms of these persons and organizations but also all new and emerging forms and combinations of these persons and organizations.

(Source: P.A. 90-246, eff. 1-1-98.)



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