Since 10 December, 2015, euthanasia has provided by physicians in Quebec
under the terms of
An Act Respecting End of Life Care (ARELC). Health and social services agencies established by the government
throughout the province are state agencies responsible for the delivery and coordination of health care in the province
administrative regions. These are called Centres intégrés de santé et de
services sociaux (CISSS) and Centres intégrés universitaires de santé et de
services sociaux [CIUSSS). Some administrative regions (like Montreal
and the Quebec City region) have more than one CISSS or CIUSSS.
These agencies are responsible for the delivery of euthanasia and are
required to make reports to a commission established by the law (the
Commission sur les soins de fin de vie) to monitor the administration of
euthanasia. According to the Commission, they are also required to
post these reports on their websites.
As of 6 March, 2016, one of these agencies (Outaouais) had not posted
the reports on its website. Two (Outaouais and
Abitibi-Temiscamingue) had neither posted the most recent report nor
sent the report to the Commission, and did not respond to a request for
The Project has compiled the statistics provided by the other agencies in tables and charts, some of
which are reproduced below. Note that, in some cases, the number of
patients lethally infused is higher than the number of requests because
euthanasia was provided in response to a request made in the previous reporting period.
Quebec's euthanasia rate almost doubled in the last half of 2016.
One year after legalization, Quebec has passed the euthanasia rate
reached by Belgium after five years. If Quebec's rate continues
without escalation throughout 2017, it will exceed that achieved by
Belgium after nine years.
work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0
Suggested citation: Murphy S. Euthanasia reported
in Quebec: statistics compiled from the Rapports aux directeur général
au Conseil d'administration de l'établissement et à la Commission sur
les soins de fin de vie (10 December, 2015 to 10 December, 2016), Protection of Conscience Project,
In theory, Quebec's Commission sur les soins de fin de vie could have
over four hours available to review each case of euthanasia. In
practice, the Commission is rarely in session. Between 1 July and 31 August
it met three times and reviewed or re-evaluated 135 files: 45 files each
day. Assuming 8 hours per meeting, this allowed a little over 10 minutes per
file. [Commission sur les soins de fin de vie,
Rapport annuel d'activities (10 December, 2015 to 30 June, 2016)]
Based on the continuance of all rates in the last half of 2016, without